Beauty of a Rose
Where did the rose originate from?
The rose is, according to fossil evidence, 35 million years old.
The name “rose” comes from French.
The rose is a type of flowering shrub. It comes from the Latin word Rosa
Trying to find the true “the name rose was french” in one search, in another ” Rose Latin” Is it the same place?
I came up with this; (The French culture is, like Spanish, Italian or Portuguese, a Latin culture). Is French Latin? I do not know.
When researching, it said; The name rose, or rosa, is derived from a Celtic word rhod, meaning red.
From the Greek word rhodon – a rose tree.
I’m a bit confused maybe someone reading this can leave a comment at the end of this post about “where the word rose came from the French or the greek”.
This ‘Tuscany Superb’ rose cultivar was discovered in 1837.
In New Zealand, the first roses were introduced by European settlers about 1836 there were hedges appearing that had been grown from seeds, like ‘Sweet Briar’. ‘Dog Rose’, the China rose, red and pink which is still popular in most gardens as shrubs.
Ornamental roses have been cultivated for millennia, with the earliest known cultivation to date from at least 500 BC in Mediterranean countries, Persia, and China.
Roses have been symbols of love, beauty, war, and politics.
Rosa Rubiginosa Hips
5 Uses for Roses
Cut Flowers – Generally they are harvested and cut when in the bud, and held in refrigerated conditions until ready for display at their point of sale.
Perfume – Rose perfumes are made from rose oil, which is a mixture of volatile essential oils obtained by steam distilling the crushed petals of roses.
Food and Drink – Rose hips are occasionally made into jam, jelly, marmalade, and soup or are brewed for tea, primarily for their high vitamin C content.
Medicine – Many roses have been used in herbal and folk medicines. Rosa chinensis has long been used in Chinese traditional medicine. This and other species have been used for stomach problems, and are being investigated for controlling cancer growth.
Art – Roses are a favored subject in art and appear in portraits, illustrations, on stamps, as ornaments or as architectural elements.
Rosa Polyantha Hybrid ‘The Fairy’
Types of Roses
There are many types of roses in various forms, this is a few of them, the modern day breeding of roses are changing and bringing in new varieties every day.
Hybrid Teas are by far the most popular type, representing about 75% of the roses grown, they have large blooms in the spring, summer, and autumn, are single or in small clusters.
Floribunda (Latin for “many-flowering”) is a modern group of garden roses that was developed by crossing hybrid teas with polyantha roses, it is a rose that features a large cluster of smaller blooms, some of which are of classic hybrid tea form, while others are single or semi-double, with up to twelve or more florets on the flower head.
They are used extensively for massed beds and low hedges, also suitable for cut flowers.
Climbing Rose – They produce long willowy canes that may be trained to cover a feature wall, trellis, archways or even unsightly fences or sheds.
Shrub Roses – These bushy cultivars are hybrids between a strong bush rose and a climber. Single or double flowers bloom continually throughout the rose season.
Weeping Standards – They are up to 2 meters in height, the flowering canes drop down almost to the ground creating an impressive spring display.
Standard Roses – They are usually a hybrid tea or floribunda variety which have been budded into the top of a tall stock stem, usually up to a meter in high.
Miniature Rose Bush – Sometimes called “Fairy Rose” they have been bred to almost a dwarf size 6-12 inches in height and width, they are remarkably hardy and easy to grow. Because of their small size, they are suitable for a rock garden or as a border to a rose garden or planted in a flower box, or as a houseplant on a window ledge.
The majority of ornamental roses are hybrids that were bred for their flowers.
Rosa Else Poulsen 1924 – an early Floribunda cultivar
For hundreds of years, the rose has been cherished for its beauty, form, and fragrance inspiring gardeners everywhere.
Roses are relaxing and even entertaining, (have ever stopped and looked at a perfect rose and admired its perfection)? there is nothing nicer than the subtle perfume of the rose.
Have you ever wonder how it keeps its perfume year after year and wonder if you changed the way you feed them, would the smell change?
Rosa Angel Face – Floribunda Rose
Rosa Angel Face – Floribunda Rose flowers are an unusual lavender-blue.
They are heavy bloomers, and you will be rewarded with repeat waves of blooms as you remove the spent blooms
It is a good rose to use as a cut flower, both for its beauty and its deep fragrance.
Tip for the best scent, cut stems just as the bud opens and keep in cool water in a dark room for a few hours. Recut at an angle.
The short, dense form of flowers, makes it an excellent choice for a border or low hedge, or in front of a mixed shrub border, where it will receive an abundance of morning sunlight but will be protected from the hot afternoon sun, especially in mid-summer.
For continued flowering, fertilize them, at least, three times a year, keep well watered.
Prune in late winter, to reduce the bush to about one-third to encourage new growth, fertilize established roses when the leaf growth starts to appear.
Tips – Rose Diseases
Powdery Mildew – The first signs of this disease are the appearance of white or greyish white spots on the young leaves and stems. These spread rapidly and very soon affect leaves stem and the buds, giving them the appearance of being dusted with powder.
Black Spot – A virulent rose disease if not checked, this is particularly rifle in humid, atmosphere and high temperatures. It appears as random black or purplish-brown spots on the upper surface of the almost fully grown leaflets which eventually yellow and drops.
Rust – The fungi have several forms will unless checked defoliate a bush. The rust spore roots enter into the leaf structure itself. The first visible stage occurs as small rust-colored pustule like swellings on the under surface of the leaves
The rose will need spraying. It is wise to collect and destroy the fallen leaflets, it will help to reduce the incidence of these diseases.